Woven fabric is the most demandable fabric to make long-lasting and comfortable clothes. But you may have a question in your mind “what is woven fabric?” It is one kind of fabric that is completed by weaving. In the past, it was practicing largely on a loom. Lack of skilled persons and machines, we couldn’t get the huge productions. But now, with the help of modern machines and skilled workers, it is possible to get huge productions.
Generally, weaving fabrics requires so many yarns on the weft and warp. It is created by interlacing two or more on the right angles to others. Woven fabric is popular with users for its long-lasting durability. If you want to know “what a woven fabric is in detail, you should go through this article. Here, we will discuss woven fabric and its types and uses.
What is Woven Fabric?
Whenever it comes to woven fabric, it implies the fabrics with much more interest. Generally, woven fabric is made of silk, cotton, polyester, linen, and rayon-based yarns. If you want to produce this fabric, you should have skilled workers to maintain the entire process. Then your process comes to a meaning for the artistic designs and patterns. Woven fabric denotes some individual yarns that are together at the right angles.
How to Make Woven Fabrics:
In the early days, loom operators made heavy clothing, blankets, baskets, etc., with the skilled hands and without the help of the loom. But for modern technology, at present, it is hardly seen to the handmade woven fabric. Most of the woven fabrics are made with the help of modern technology.
Today’s woven fabrics are mechanically based. However, the process begins by setting 2 groups of the yarn perpendicular to each other. The vertical yarns denote the warp, and the horizontal yarns denote the weft. The weft yarn goes between the warp yarns. And this process helps you to get a final woven fabric. People used only their hands or handmade tools to make woven clothes in the past. Right now, we get nice-looking woven clothes without the help of a hand.
Characteristics of Woven Fabrics:
There are some characteristics of woven fabric that make the fabric different from the other type of fabrics. Let’s discuss the features of woven fabrics.
Original woven fabrics don’t show stretchy. To increase the elasticity, now it adds elastic quality fibres. The woven fabrics with a lower yarns count or a looser weave will give you more elasticity than the tightly woven fabrics.
Which one is much stronger between the two fabrics: woven or knit? Certainly, woven fabrics are much stronger than knitted fabric. Its structure is very strong because of its weaving process. Using the warp and weft yarn makes the fabric structure stronger than the other fabrics.
Woven fabric is famous for its strong-featured durability. It is because; woven fabric can also withstand huge washes. Because of its structure and weaving process, this fabric lasts longer than the other fabrics.
Texture woven fabrics depend on the quality of the fibre. Basically, to give these fabrics a special form, it has been created with a coarser texture instead of being soft. It can be stiffer and heavier. You can see the wrinkle and crease on the woven fabrics more easily, so it has become possible to get a certain shape easily. As a result, we can guess the texture designs and styles.
Although the woven fabrics are made of mechanical loom, weaving is complex. It is an expensive process than the knitting fabric creating. However, good quality fabrics depend on good quality fiber.
It is easy to sew because they do not stretch much. This fabric does not move much during sewing on a needle. As a result, it seems better to feel on sewing. It has a trend to show fray on the edges, and, significantly, you can hem them clearly to prevent this from happening.
Structure of Woven Fabric:
Most often, we come to know 3 types of woven fabrics. You will be clear about what is a woven fabric when we know the types of woven fabrics and their characteristics. Weave types make it easy to identify the specific quality of the fabrics and their appearance. Here we will discuss three types of woven fabrics.
Amongst all other fabrics patterns, it is regarded as the basic and regular type of fabric. The feature of the plain fabric is that weft yarn is woven over, and warp yarn is under for creating the topmost number of intersections and strong weave. Thus it tends to wrinkle.
Twill is a woven fabric, and its pattern indicates weft yarn over two or more weft yarn before crossing over. This pattern is gone; repeated the warp yarn over. Thus it creates a diagonal-based appearance.
The woven fabrics with satin weave represent the luster and glossy appearance. Here the weave is made by passing four or more weft yarns over the yarn. Again four or more warp yarns go into a single weft yarn. However, it is a loose of three weave kinds and may catch and snag simply, causing pulls on the fabric.
The Examples of Woven Fabrics:
Here are some examples of woven fabrics is as follows.
It’s a plain and soft quality fabric made of cotton. It comes from natural items. It requires making pajamas.
It’s also one kind of plain woven fabric made from silk or polyester. It’s mainly artificial. To make blouses requires chiffon.
Denim is a popular textile fabric. It shows strong features and ensures longevity. Denim fabric is used to make jeans, pants, shirts, jackets, etc.
It’s a loosely woven fabric that’s yarn pattern is twill or plain-woven. After brushing on a side, it shows a soft appearance.
It’s a thicker quality woven fabric. It is made of polyester and cotton fibers. To make shirts, skirts, and pants requires corduroy.
It’s a lightweight and plain fabric made of twisted yarns.
Thus it makes puckers on the surface that emits a crinkled appearance. It is a form of rayon, silk, polyester, etc.
Velvet is from a special loom. To make this fabric requires cotton-like yarn. The characteristic feature of this fabric represents a soft appearance.
It’s a plain weave type fabric made of coarse weft yarns and fine warp yarns. To make a shirt and like other dresses, it requires a poplin.
Organza is a plain quality fabric, and it is lightweight, made of silk, nylon, or polyester. It is used for making women dress.
Types of Woven Fabrics (Globally used Fabric Names):
The main subject of the woven fabric is that it is formed of two or more sets of yarn that are interlaced at a right angle together. We get huge clothing by using this process. The special feature of this fabric is that it shows different shapes. And it is effective for making dresses. Now we know these types of fabrics:
Cambric is a plain and lightweight fabric. It is used for a stiff finish. When you want to make women’s or child’s dresses, it requires cambric fabric.
It is a form of stiff-coated fabric and is lightweight. This easily woven fabric is used in making cuffs, belts, collars, etc.
It’s also one kind of lightweight sheer fabric. It is seen in the opened weave. Basically, we use this type of fabric for wrapping meat and cheese. Making men, women, and children’s dresses require cheese clothes.
Casement is a plain quality and medium weight fabric. It is formed of thick yarns. For making curtains, it needs casement fabric.
Chintz is made of cotton yarns. These types of fabrics are medium-weight-based. Having the glazed finish, it shows a great appearance. Two types of yarns (cotton and polyester) make the clothes soft. For making blouses, skirts, aprons, and pajamas, it uses chintz.
Chiffon is a lightweight woven fabric formed of twisted yarns and made of silk, polyester, and rayon. It requires making the sarees and women’s dresses.
This silk-quality fabric comprises crinkled and puckered surfaces. Thus it represents different types of fabric quality. It is made of twisted yarns for both warp and weft. For making similar crepe effects, it needs ordinary yarns. There is a common use of synthetic fabric. We use crepe fabric to make shirts, sarees, and children’s dresses.
Corduroy is a cut pile-based fabric. We get it as a solid color. On the surface, we may available see this type of fabric. Giving extraordinary quality, now it is used to make pants, t-shirts, jeans pants, etc.
This is a wrap-faced twill-based woven fabric. In the past, it came with only white color. Now we get this fabric in a solid color. It is used for making knickers, uniforms, and pants.
Flannel is a form of woolen fabric. This soft quality fabric indicates twill weave or plain weave. Having milling, it seems like bulky fabric. It requires for making suits and infant dresses.
Denim fabric is a popular type of textile fabric that is formed of warp-faced twill fabric. The structure of the denim fabric is that there are two types of yarns: warp yarn is mainly blue, green, brown, or black, etc., color and the weft yarn are white. People know this type of fabric is jeans. These types of fabrics are napped and printed.
It’s a lightweight fabric. The distinctive form of georgette fabric is lightweight. It has a rough texture produced for twisted ply where yarns are both in the weft and warp. Original, it is made of polyester, silk, and rayon. It is suitable for making women’s dresses.
Kashmir Silk Fabric:
Kashmir silk is a popular silk fabric. It is plain weave-based fabric. Designers like to add embroidered designs to it. For making women’s dresses, it requires Kashmir silk fabric.
Khadi is a type of fabric made by handwoven and handspun. For producing these types of cotton, it is used cotton fibers and blended fibers. People use khadi fabric for its simplicity and durability. For making dhoties, lungi etc, it requires khadi fabric.
Lawn is a lightweight and crisp type of fabric that is made of linen or cotton fabric. We may see a different kind of finishing on them. That is why its name is finished. We use it for making lining in the dresses.
It’s mainly cotton-based fabric, and it is heavier than muslin. Most of the time, they will be printed in quality. Mulmul fabric is seen on sarees.
Muslim is a lightweight and plain quality woven fabric. In the 17th and 18th centuries, it was produced the finest muslin in Dacca (right now Dhaka) in Bengal (right now Bangladesh). Primary it was produced by handwoven. The characteristic feature of this fabric is that it is bleached or grey and dyed and made of cotton fibers. The principal feature of this fabric is that the loose weave and the high yarn count create it soft, airy, and flexible. People use this fabric for extraordinary smoothness and durability. For its extraordinary quality, people all around the world use it.
It is cotton and fine weft rib-type fabric. It’s a medium-quality lightweight fabric. Making dresses, shirting, etc., requires poplin fabric.
This type of fabric is interwoven with silver or gold fabric. It comes rich in color. Generally, it is created by artificial fibers or yarns. For making women’s dresses ( sarees), we use tissue fabric.
Velvet is a warp cut pile fabric formed of silk. Having a dense cut pile, it becomes flexible and longevity. That is why; it needs high twisted yarns to make the fabric. There are two types of velvet fabric, semi voile (having single yarn 1×1) and full voiles (having double yarns 2×2). We use these fabrics for making children’s and women’s dresses.
Actually, it is a lawn fabric where you get a stiff finish. Generally, it needs acid for a stiff finish that makes the fabric transparent and stiff. Here you will get a plain tabby weave when it is done, the crisp finish. The structure of this fabric is that it has more warps than wefts per inch, and weft yarns are finer than the warp yarns. These types of fabrics are popular in making women’s dresses.
It’s a cotton fiber-based fabric where you will get a mesh pattern. For creating this natural mesh pattern, designers add cross-stitch embroidery. It is opened and sometimes even-opened Aida fabrics; touching with stiffness makes the fabric extraordinary.
Madras Muslin Net Fabric:
Madras net is given mainly for designing like curtaining on the fabrics. It is formed as an open gauze ground cloth that the extra weft is inserted to make a motif and then woven into the ground fabric.
It’s a smooth, transparent, and crisp fabric. This type of fabric is formed of fine ribs. It is made of silk fibers, and at present, it is practiced with rayon. That is why it represents outstanding crispness. Traffeta fabric is popular for women’s wear.
Gabardine is a fine woven fabric formed of twill fabric. It has some warp yarns than weft yarns. Having an outstanding weaving pattern shows extra durability. The woven structure of this fabric is 2/1 or2/2 twill and raised diagonal twill appearance in the right part. Making raincoats and sportswear needs gabardine fabric.
After a brief discussion, we know that sewing patterns and different kinds of yarns are important subjects for the woven fabric. You can identify them easily when you understand their characteristics. However, this article has many points that can be very useful to know about woven fabrics. Hopefully, this content is helpful for you. We will share more informational tips about woven fabric and textile-related content in our blog. So, connect with us to get the latest textile trends and news.