Modern people are much more conscious of clothing. To get stylish and long-lasting textile fabrics, they work shoulders to shoulders. Right now, people have achieved the goal in this struggle. It is possible using some machines and methods. Rotary screen printing machine or method is a form of designing the fabrics. It brought a revolutionary change in the textile industry when it was invented.
Now we get beautiful and stylish printed clothes. With the help of a customizable textile rotary printing machine, it has become easy to place the expected design on the fabrics. Having many possibilities of textile printing in the garment industry has become a great choice for the young generation. This writing is about the basics of rotary screen printing fabric and its suitability in the textile industry.
What is Rotary Screen Printing?
Rotary screen printing is a method that works for decorating different types of fabrics. This method was first invented in 1963. Primarily it was cylindrical screen printing and then rotary screen printing.
Rotary screen printing is the most appealing technique for fashion apparel. It is suitable for both knitted and woven fabrics. A flat bed screen printing machines are seen most in the textile industry. At present, perforated circular metal screens are becoming popular instead of rotary flatbed screen printing rotary. They are used for quick printing. As a result, it has become a hub for huge productions.
Advantages of Textile Rotary Screen Printing:
- Bulk productivity
- Increasing efficiency
- Getting perfect result
- Depth of color matching
- High reliability
- Perfect finishing
- Good at durability
- Quick producing
- Quality printing
Disadvantages of Textile Rotary Screen Printing:
- They are not environmentally friendly.
- It is costly when you apply multiple colors.
- If the order is a few numbers, it is mistaken the designs.
- Sometimes it mistakes print.
- Need more labor while it is completed with a manual process
- Require a good number of skilled designer
- It is a cost-effective process.
- It does not apply to natural fibers.
Different Types of Textile Printing Methods:
Generally, you can see different techniques and methods for printed clothes. And you think, “how can it be possible?” However, it can be possible by the textile rotary screen printing machines. As all machines are not the same in design and style, it is possible to get the various types of designs on the fabrics.
It’s a traditional printing process. A block is created on rubber, wood, or metal things for running this process. You can add your customizable patterns (the hands make these patterns). And with these blocks, you can apply your dying. However, this method is repeated with different designs and colors until the process is complete. Block printing is popular in South-East Asian countries in the world. Like others, Bangladesh is the largest exporter of block-printed clothes. The main drawbacks of this method are that it is a slow process where it needs a lot of labor for bulk production.
It’s a hand-carved block where engraved copper cylinders are used. It works according to the role of rollers moving. There are a few numbers of designs on the roller. If you want to get more designs on the roller machines, you can add more carves to the cylinders. It was first invented in England for bulk production.
Among others fabric printing methods, it is a popular printing process. To complete the action, it requires a screen that is a form of a frame with excellent mesh fabric. A certain pattern is blocked off on the screen. On the screen, the color is applied and then dyed. Eventually, it was printed below on the fabric. There are three types of screen printing:
- Manual Screen Printing
- Flat Screen Printing
- Rotary Screen Printing
Heat Transfer Printing:
The transfer printing process is also popular for its inexpensive capability in the textile industry. It indicates a printing machine that transfers the designs on the fabric by a heating process. At first, the printing is set on the paper and then transferred to the fabric by the hot rollers. There are some drawbacks to this process. Among them, the principal drawback is that the dye can’t penetrate the garments deep sufficiently. Again after being transferred, it is found to be crack.
Among the screen printings, ink-jet is modern. It’s greatly used for commercial purposes in the textile industry. Bulk screen printing it’s a crucial need. There are two types of jet printers: Drop-on-demand and continuous stream.
It’s an interesting screen printing method. Firstly, a stamp is made for imprinting on the fabric. When you were a child, you probably created a potato stamp, and with that, you made some awesome printing.
Your raw designs are cut on the stamps colored with ink for dying. Through continuous pressure, you can transfer your printing to the fabrics. As stamp printing is run by hand, you may not consider bulk production.
Discharge printing mainly works on the portion dyed, and afterward, it prints by the paste containing chemical which lessens dye and eliminates other colors where a white design is expected. Different colors are added to the discharge paste to change discharged color with shade on the color discharge printing.
The duplex screen printing process is different from other printing. It is a method of printing patterns on both the face and back sides. But why is duplex printing significant? It is valued for its clearer printing. The printing roller machine prints both sides of the fabrics; it is called duplex printing.
Stencil printing is a design created on wood or cardboard or metal things. It ensures better spaces when the color is applied to the fabric. At first, the patterns or designs are cut out on the thick paper and sometimes on the thin metal the sharp knives or other tools. This stencil cardboard has some uncut spaces that may not color. So while it works,
The pigment Screen machine is different from the rotary screen printing machine. These techniques used on the cellulose fibers look forward to making them natural. It works according to scientific methods. As a result, it makes fabrics more attractive with adjustable designs.
With the help of the rotary screen printing machine and other fabric printing processes, it will be possible to get great designs and patterns on the fabrics. Here we represent some common and popular screen printing rotary that radically changes the textile industry. You can keep in touch with our next blog post to learn more about textile fabrics, yarns, and fibers.