Different Types of Textile Lab Testing Procedures

Textile testing means allowing numerous procedures for measuring countless fibers, yarn, and characteristics of the fabric. Among different textile lab testing procedures, fiber strength, quality, yarn count, fabric weight, fabric twist abrasion, and thickness testing are common. Lab testing is a form of engineering skills and science for assessing textile materials based on conditions and characteristics.

You require all kinds of instruments, techniques, machines, and necessary laboratory equipment for the textile lab testing procedures. To produce high-quality fabric, the demand for textile lab testing is increasing. In this article, we will share the different types of textile lab testing procedures.

What is Textile Testing?

Textile testing is a process of checking the suitability and quality of the RAW material related to the garment products. It is necessary for sound production, consumption, and distribution of the textiles industries. To evaluate the product quality, performance and reliability, you need textile lab testing procedures. Even you can’t investigate the faulty materials without them.

To keep pace with the increasing number of consumer demands and follow the stringent rules and regulations of the Government, lab testing procedures help make the products with proper requirements. Here we represent the purpose of textile testing.

  • Quality and performance improvement
  • Fixing the faulty materials
  • Maintaining the various processes like dyeing, spinning, weaving, etc.
  • Selecting the right RAW material to improve the quality

Different Types of Textile Lab Testing Procedures:

Mechanical Based:

  • Bursting Strength of Paper
  • Breaking Strength
  • Tensile Strength and Elongation
  • Air permeability of Paper
  • Ether Soluble Matter
  • Lead and its compounds
  • Flammability
  • Dry and Wet Rubbing (Crock Meter)
  • Pilling Test
  • Water Absorbency
  • Scouring loss
  • Elmendorff Tear Strength
  • Tear Strength

Physical Based:

  • Fiber Diameter
  • GSM
  • Linear Density
  • Ends per inch

Chemical Based:

  • Blend composition
  • PCP
  • Identification of Dyes
  • Identification of Fiber
  • Chloride Content
  • Solvent Extractable matter
  • Moisture Content
  • Colour Fastness Tests
  • pH value of water extract
  • Sulfate Content
  • Shrinkage to Water

Textile and Clothing Product for Testing:

  • Crepe Paper
  • HDPE bags/Jute Bags
  • Writing/Printing paper
  • Filter Paper
  • Corrugated Box
  • Filament Yarn
  • Congo red Dye
  • Socks
  • Various Leather Products
  • Jersey
  • Vinyl Coated Fabric
  • Coated Paper
  • Carpet
  • Fabric

List of Instruments:

  • Xenon Arc Weatherometer
  • Universal Testing Machine
  • Flammability Chambers
  • Burst Strength Test Apparatus
  • Elemendorff Tear Tester
  • Crease Recovery Tester
  • Pilling Tester
  • Air permeability apparatus
  • Crock meter
  • UV weatherometer

Standard Methods Adopted:

  1. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC)
  2. American Society of Testing &Materials (ASTM)
  3. European Norms (EN)
  4. British Standards for European Nations (BSEN)
  5. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  6. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
  7. Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS)
  8. British Standards (BS)
  9. DeutschesInstitut fur Normung (DIN)

Final Thought:

Textile lab testing procedures ensure the perfection of the product items. It indicates how much it is useful to the people. It generates the product with actual quality, safety, and durability. Though it is expensive to control, you should keep it for good benefits in time for your business.

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